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Divisional organizational structure
Divisional organization structure is one of the basic organizational structures as well as functional organizations and matrix organization ,and this organization is divided into roles according to the products and services provided.(ex. Television Division, Refrigerator Division, etc.) In addition, it is applied not only to each product or service, but also to each region and customer. Basically, it is an organizational structure adopted by companies engaged in multiple businesses. The division organization was devised by DuPont and it is believed that Alfred Sloan applied to General Motors. The divisional organizational structure is divided into three main types, and the type ...
Functional organization structure
Function structure is one of the structures of a management organization, and refers to an organization that is organized according to work content such as development, sales, production, personnel, and accounting, along with divisional organization and matrix organization. This is the basic organizational structure of. It is said that the origin of the functional organization is Germany, and it is said that the division of corporate activities into engineering (research, development, production) and business (marketing, sales, etc.) is the beginning of the functional organization. After that, French business scholar Henri Fayol subdivided it into six functions: technical, sales, finance, accounting, ...
Economies of scale
Economies of scale means that if production scale is expanded, the average production cost per unit of product will decrease as the production volume increases. Therefore, it is widely used in industries that require large-scale production equipment in one business. By pursuing one business more deeply, the know-how and technology of the company will be accumulated and the cost of production per unit will be reduced. Therefore, the larger the production scale, the lower the cost per unit and the higher the profit of the company. In industries where economies of scale are working, it is often difficult for new ...
No frills
No frills is a business model that eliminates extra services as much as possible , but does not reduce the quality of core services, and provides users with a reduced price as much as they are omitted. By narrowing down to the minimum necessary services, we will attract a customer base that dislikes waste. Non-frill means "no decoration", and there are various ways to omit services depending on the company. In many companies, airliner companies sacrifice comfort to carry as many passengers as possible. Currently, services with non-frills as a business model are spreading not only to the passenger aircraft ...
ロングテール
The long tail is a business model that not only sells well-selling products, but also has a large number of dead-line products that hardly sell, and matches dead-line products with people who have their needs to increase sales. Until now, it has been thought that it is the best-selling products that bring profits to the company, not the deadly products, but due to the spread of the Internet , the promotion cost of deadly products is increasing. It almost disappeared. The long tail was published by Chris Anderson, editor-in-chief of the American business magazine "Wired". When the sales volume of ...
Economies of density
The economy of density is the economic effect that opening stores intensively in a specific area reduces costs such as transportation costs and advertising costs . In order to obtain the economic effect of density, the minimum requirement is whether or not it is possible to secure sales that exceed the operating costs of stores and distribution centers. Opening the first store in Kanto, the second store in Tokai, and the third store in Kansai seems to be effective for brand advertising, but it is actually an inefficient example. For example, if the central area of ​​the business is Kanto, ...
マトリックス組織
The matrix organization is an organizational structure that has the characteristics of both a divisional organization and a function-based organization. A matrix means a matrix in mathematics in which numbers and letters are arranged vertically and horizontally, and as shown in the figure above, it has a dual structure in which divisions are organized vertically and organizations by function are organized horizontally. Although it is based on a divisional organization, each function within the division is also organized as a company-wide organization. The overall organization of the organization should not be centered on a single division axis, but should also ...
Cloud
Cloud (official name: cloud computing) is a system located in another location via the Internet line, instead of managing data such as images and texts by physically placing a server at home or in the office. Refers to the mechanism to use. It's not the name of the technology. In other words, it is a service that benefits from connecting to the Internet, and conversely, most services cannot be used unless it is connected to the Internet. You can access and do business from various terminals such as smartphones and tablets anytime and anywhere without downloading what was previously downloaded ...
Economies of scope
Economies of scope is an economic phenomenon in which the cost per unit of a product or service decreases as the types of products and businesses handled increase. In other words, the cost per unit is lower if one company conducts multiple businesses and shares management resources rather than manufacturing one product individually. Unlike economies of scale, economies of scale aim to reduce production costs by expanding production in a single business, while economies of scope are a combination of multiple businesses. With the aim of saving production costs in , and pursuing economies of scope is to share some ...
日本のフィンテックサービス
FinTech is a coined word coined from "Financial" and "Technology" and refers to financial services that make full use of IT. It is also called " Neobank " because it provides services such as settlement, financing, asset management, and stock trading that traditional financial institutions have been responsible for instantly across national borders. It is a concept that has developed mainly in the United States since the Lehman Shock in 2008, and by utilizing IT such as the Internet, cloud, and big data for financial services that were almost monopolized by financial institutions, it becomes more convenient and more convenient ...
Franchise Model
A franchising or Franchise Model is a company that has excellent products and services, and provides people and businesses aiming to open independently with the right to sell their products and services, trademarks, collation, and management know-how, with the aim of developing multiple stores. It is a business model that earns royalties while doing so. The rights-granting side is called "franchisers" or "headquarters" , and the rights-granting sides are called "franchisees" or "merchant" . , In accordance with the franchise agreement, the franchisor establishes rules, deployment methods and regions of deployment and gives the franchisee the obligation and right to ...
Razor and blade Model
Razor and blade Model is a business model in which the main body of the product is provided free of charge or at a low price, and accessories are continuously sold as consumables to maintain profits. This name is derived from the adoption by Gillette, a razor maker that sells men's shavings. Examples and companies that utilize the Gillette model are as follows. (Main body → Accessories) Razor and replacement blade As mentioned above, this is the product from which the Gillette model was derived. Nowadays, the sales style of this men's razor is common, but in the past, products ...
SPAとは
SPA(Specialty store retailer of Private label Apparel) is the business model that completes everything from standardization to sales of own-brand products in-house. Until then, apparel manufacturers took the lead and trading companies, wholesalers, and retailers played their respective roles, but now retailers are in charge of planning, designing, manufacturing, material procurement, and distribution. It is a business model that has permeated mainly in the fashion industry, and as SPA is translated as manufacturing and retailing, a retailer that handles clothes and fashion miscellaneous goods takes the lead in product planning and design, manufacturing, and sales. I will. In the past, ...
Growth–share matrix
Growth–share matrix, or product portfolio matrix, evaluates the attractiveness of a business and the competitiveness of the company for each business, distinguishes between businesses that generate cash and businesses that require investment, and then clarifies the positioning of the company. It is intended to be positioned as one of "Cash cows", "Stras", "Question marks(problem child)", and "Dogs" . After positioning, we will decide the future strategy of each positioned business. Invented by the Boston Consulting Group in 1970, it finds surplus management resources in terms of profitability, investment necessity, etc. in each independent business of a company, and decides where ...
Incentive
Incentives are motivations and motivations that change employee decision-making and behavior, and are typically monetary compensation. However, monetary compensation is not the only incentive, and as will be described later, bosses, colleagues, individual evaluations, ideas, values, treatment, etc. are also incentives , and academically, "Maslow" It is deeply related to the "five-step theory of desire". Translated as "incentive" in Japanese, if the incentives required by employees can be fully met, the organization's efforts for employees, the reduction of turnover rate, or the mission to be beneficial to the entire organization It is said that it can create a feeling. The ...
Economies of speed
Economies of speed is the economic effect that can bring economic benefits by speeding up the business and its management. Specifically, it will increase the speed of product development, production, and sales, speed up information acquisition, work speed, product development speed, and product turnover speed, and companies will enjoy the benefits of increasing effectiveness and efficiency. I will. For companies, by quickly developing their businesses and operations, it is possible to quickly identify top-selling products and dead-selling products, and to secure profits by quickly adding top-selling products to the field. Advantage of starting lineup The advantage of the starting lineup ...
フリーミアム
Freemium is to provide basic services for free to acquire many customers, and to have some users purchase advanced features and easy-to-use paid versions to increase profits . Business model. Freemium is a coined word that combines "free" and "premium" created by American investor Fred Wilson, and was written in detail in Chris Anderson's own book "Free". It became known at once. Until now, there have been "free models", and the mainstream was to make profits from advertisers rather than from viewers and readers, such as radio and free papers, but as IT advances, the cost of content and services ...
Diversification strategy
A diversification strategy is expanding the scope of a company's products and markets by adding new businesses to existing businesses . It is a type of product market strategy advocated by Ansoff, and is a management strategy that aims to grow by launching new products in new markets. This will be achieved by expanding the management resources of a company to new products and markets, and by expanding and developing existing management resources. It is positioned as one of the important strategic options for corporate growth, and is often promoted with the concern that the profitability of existing businesses will ...
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